ERIC Number: ED199211
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Some Presuppositions of 'Analytic Thinking'.
Reed, Ronald F.
A year-long seminar for elementary teachers in analytic thinking for children (ATC) is offered at the School of Education at Texas Wesleyan College. ATC uses philosophy and logic to help children understand how they think and to improve their reasoning. Four guidelines are given: (1) Discuss the nature and function of authorities and arguments from authorities; (2) Avoid ethical pronouncements; (3) Elicit the support of authorities such as parents, church, and school; and (4) Model intellectual activity on a cooperative rather than a competitive base. In the main text used in the ATC seminar, "Harry Stottlemeyer's Discovery," a novel by Matthew Lipman, children are placed in an environment in which there appears to be no authorities at all or unknown authorities. This becomes a logical exercise, in which the child is free to learn rules without worrying whether the rules have any connection with the real world. The only pressure put on the child is to discover the rules of the exercise. It is noted, however, that shaking a child's beliefs in real world authorities is morally and intellectually reprehensible. The ATC program maintains that the proper person to enhance a child's analytic development is the suitably trained elementary school teacher. (FG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (Detroit, MI, February 17-20, 1981).