ERIC Number: ED199133
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Art in Basic Education. Two Papers.
Barzun, Jacques; Saunders, Robert J.
Two essays present a rationale for teaching and learning in the arts and consider the place of the arts in basic education. The first essay, "Art and Educational Inflation," by Jacques Barzun was the keynote address at the National Art Education Association Conference in 1978. Barzun attacks what he calls the inflationary language presently used in determining objectives in art education. He states that the goal to enable students to confront and criticize works of art is a power that few geniuses can possess. He concludes that a more realistic objective may be simply stated. It is that art is a part of our culture; it corresponds to a deep instinct in man; we therefore teach its rudiments. The second essay by Robert J. Saunders (Art Consultant, Connecticut State Department of Education) argues that the arts have a valid place in basic education. Saunders describes various rationales of art educators for including the arts in basic education: the arts are basic, are important parts of basic education, and other subjects may be taught through the arts. He also discusses the variety of approaches that art teachers may use and suggests that teachers must make provisions in their lessons for students' sensitivity to problems, flexibility, originality, ability to define and rearrange, analysis, synthesis, and coherence of organization. The author stresses that, just as in any other subject, there are sequential skills to be learned in art. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Art Education, Basic Skills, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Fine Arts, Student Needs, Teaching Methods
Council for Basic Education, 725 15th Street, N.W., Washington, DC ($2.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Basic Education, Washington, DC.