ERIC Number: ED198856
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Sex Equity in the Eighties: A Study of Post-Secondary Vocational Institutional Practices.
This literature review examines financial, administrative, and attitudinal problems that impede the expansion of sex equity opportunities in post-secondary vocational programs. After discussing the decreased willingness of the government to fund sex equity programs, the paper notes the forces that have increased the participation of women in post-secondary education and the workforce and argues that women's vocational education programs merit continued funding as significant generators of campus revenue. Institutional barriers to sex equity are then discussed, including: the difficulties women experience in obtaining financial aid; sexist verbiage in college publications; proportionately small numbers of women on advisory committees; admissions requirements that are difficult for adults to fulfill; the inadequacy of testing instruments to assess the academic ability of adults; and the lack of counseling and support services to meet the special needs of re-entry women. The characteristics of women students as well as their special needs are identified. Next, the paper looks at important concerns for counselors and areas contributing to sex discrimination in career counseling. Several factors that prevent women from training in non-traditional fields are identified, including sexual harrassment, family conflicts, job competition, and parental attitudes. The paper concludes with ten suggestions for an institutional program to deal with barriers to sex equity and a 161-item bibliography. (JP)
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Adult Students, Career Choice, Career Counseling, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Employment Patterns, Females, Financial Support, Nontraditional Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Sex Bias, Sex Fairness, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Financial Aid, Vocational Education, Womens Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC. Center for Women's Opportunities.