ERIC Number: ED198774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Accreditation: History, Process, and Problems. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 6, 1980.
Harcleroad, Fred F.
Historical perspectives concerning accreditation in postsecondary education, the structure of accreditation, and possible future roles for the process are examined. It is suggested that the interplay of four groups provides a basis to consider the possible future in the field of accreditation. These groups are: state government responsibilities and activities, specialized academic disciplines and their voluntary national associations, diverse educational institutions and their regional and national associations, and the federal government and its listing or statistical responsibilities. Recent exemplary cooperative arrangements between states and accrediting associations are cited, and it is suggested that these new arrangements point away from a federal role and toward the future strong role of voluntary, nonprofit accrediting associations. The connotations of concepts such as "eligibility,""approval," and "accreditation" are explored, since a recurring problem in the field of accreditation is the use of widely varied terms by associations or agencies. Accreditation is examined historically according to the the following five periods: (1) from the formal establishment of the University of the State of New York as the first accrediting agency in 1787, until 1914, when the Association of American Universities formally listed recognized colleges; (2) from 1914 to 1935, when a more qualitative and less quantitative approach to accreditation was implemented; (3) from 1935 until 1948, when the listing form of accreditation was terminated; (4) from 1948 until 1975; and (5) from 1975 until 1980. (SW)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Accrediting Agencies, Agency Cooperation, Educational History, Eligibility, Federal Government, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, National Organizations, Nonprofit Organizations, Professional Associations, Regional Cooperation, State Government, State Standards, Voluntary Agencies
American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 780, Washington, DC 20036 ($3.00 members, $4.00 nonmembers; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; ERIC Publications; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.