ERIC Number: ED198667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives. Final Report to the Nutrition Foundation.
Nutrition Foundation, Inc., Washington, DC.
In response to the issues raised by B. Feingold regarding the possible role of food additives as a cause of hyperactivity and learing disability, the Nutrition Foundation organized a critical review of Feinfold's claims by a group of behavioral and medical scientists. Among the cliams made by Feingold was that, when treated with the salicylate and additive free diet, 50% of hyperactive learning disabled children would achieve a "full response, while 75% can be removed from drug management, even if full response to other symptoms is not achieved." Problems in Feingold's research design were found to involve specifying the diet, providing a placebo control, and defining and assessing the study population. A number of studies were reviewed including the following: the Wisconsin studies (J. Harley, et al.); Pittsburgh studies (C. Conners, et al.); Toronto study (J. Swanson, et al.); California study (B. Weiss, et al.); Long Island studies (Mattes and Gittelman-Klein); London, Ontario study (J. Williams, et al.); Australian study (F. Levy, et al.); Erythrosin B (In Vitro) studies; and animal studies. It was concluded that the test of the Feingold hypothesis by putting a child on the elimination diet under double blind conditions is very expensive, time consuming, and technically very difficult; and that based on seven studies involving a total of approximatey 190 children. there have been no instances of consistent, dramatic deterioration in behavior, in hyperactive children challenged, under double blind conditions, with artificial food colorings following treatment with the diet that removes these substances. The report to the Nutrition Foundation from the National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives is appended. (SBH)
Descriptors: Dietetics, Hyperactivity, Learning Disabilities, Nutrition, Research Methodology, Research Problems, Research Projects
The Nutrition Foundation, 888 17th St., N.W., Washington, DC 20006 (no price quoted).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nutrition Foundation, Inc., Washington, DC.