ERIC Number: ED198652
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Summary of Major Findings for Public and Private Schools. Draft.
Coleman, James; And Others
Summarizing the findings of a longitudinal study of public and private schooling recently published, this paper provides evidence relevant to proposals that would either increase or decrease the role of private schools in American education. The authors specifically address eight premises that would increase the role of private schools and seven premises that would decrease their role. Those premises supported by the research findings include the beliefs that private schools produce better cognitive achievement and greater levels of self esteem and fate control among students than do public schools, that private schools provide a safer, more disciplined and ordered environment, that private schools are divisive along religious lines and do not provide as much educational range, particularly in vocational and nontraditional programs, and that facilitating the use of private schools through tax or school vouchers would decrease racial and economic segregation in private schools. Greater academic demands and a more ordered environment are identified as contributing to higher scholastic achievement in private schools. The report concludes that the research supports policies that would facilitate rather than constrain the use of private schools and that the present constraints on public schools impair their functioning without providing more egalitarian outcomes. (Author/WD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.