ERIC Number: ED198627
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Implementation of Planned Educational Change: A Theoretical Discussion.
Coley, Thomas G.
Empirical research pertaining to the relationship between external agencies' decisions and the implementation of these decisions suggests two conclusions. First, the implementors of change are likely to view externally initiated change with apprehension and resistance, and second, when external agencies initiate change, the result depends on management's ability to get implementors to meet the intent and objectives of change. The degree of success of educational change is a function of the manager's ability to overcome staff resistance to change. However, most theoretical models that seek to define organizational change tend to deemphasize the implementation process. In the case of externally initiated change, the extent to which an agency depends on outside resources is a critical factor in implementation. Compliance by an organization with external decisions is related to the degree of dependency on outside resources by the agency carrying out the policy. Within the organization, the implementation process is influenced by maneuvers among members to actualize their own personal and organizational goals. (JEH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Individualized Schooling.