ERIC Number: ED198606
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug-31
Cultural Pluralism and Other Major Issues in American Education. Part I. Decentralized Project No. 4 (Special Activity). International Management Training for Educational Change (IMTEC).
Gaarder, A. Bruce
Most of the dilemmas, contradictions, and inconsistencies that beset the nation's schools relate either directly or indirectly to the ambiguous, overworked twin concepts of cultural pluralism and the great American melting pot. Examination of the ethnic history of the United States reveals that those minorities urging cultural pluralism were effectively excluded from the benefits of American society while less visible minorities were being assimilated. These excluded minorities are now trying a different route to equity, without realizing that the methods they are using have historically resulted in the dissolution of the cultural groups using them. The traditional American concern for equality that underlies efforts at cultural pluralism also underlies many other no less complex movements in education; those for equal opportunity, compensatory education, desegregation, bilingual and bicultural education, and affirmative action. The philosophical roots and likely outcomes of these movements are explored in this document. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Compensatory Education, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Objectives, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Minority Groups, Multicultural Education, Postsecondary Education, School Desegregation, Social History, Social Integration, Social Status, Sociocultural Patterns, Socioeconomic Status
IMTEC, P.O. Box 79 Blindern, Oslo 3, Norway ($2.00 plus mailing costs).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Management Training for Educational Change, Oslo (Norway).
Note: Prepared for the IMTEC/OECD United States Bicentennial Seminar; Managing Change in Urban Education (Boston, MA, October 10-29, 1976). Some pages may not reproduce clearly due to light print of original document.