ERIC Number: ED198605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep-2
Reference Count: 0
Management and Governance of Urban School Systems. Part I. Decentralised Project No. 4 (Special Activity). International Management Training for Educational Change (IMTEC).
Several of the major difficulties that faced urban school systems during the decade from 1965 to 1975 are considered briefly in this short document. One of these problems is the changing nature of the urban population and the resultant stresses on urban districts. Other issues include declining enrollment; insufficient financial support at local, state, and federal levels; inadequate staff utilization and personnel policies; citizen involvement in decision-making; and the accountability movement. Efforts to cope with these issues included installation of management systems like the programming planning budgeting system or management by objectives, introduction of community involvement in decision making (often through advisory councils), decentralization of governance, and provision of programs for improved staff and faculty training. (PGD).
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrative Problems, Citizen Participation, Decentralization, Declining Enrollment, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Support, Governance, Management Systems, Staff Utilization, Urban Demography, Urban Education
IMTEC, P.O. Box 79 Blindern, Oslo 3, Norway ($2.00 plus mailing costs).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Management Training for Educational Change, Oslo (Norway).
Note: Prepared for the IMTEC/OECD United States Bicentennial Seminar: Managing Change in Urban Education (Boston, MA, October 10-29, 1976).