ERIC Number: ED198472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Interpreting Rape: Differences Among Professionals and Non-Professional Resources.
Calhoun, Lawrence G.
Physicians and rape crisis counselors may play important roles in assisting a rape victim; their beliefs and perceptions about rape may influence their treatment of the victim. Physicians (N=10) and volunteer rape counselors (N=44) completed questionnaires focused on demographic characteristics, their experiences with rape victims, and personal attitudes and beliefs about rape. The two groups were compared on eight dependent variables: causality of rape, consequences of rape, women's responsibility for prevention, relation of sex to rape, deserved punishment of rapists, victim's precipitation of rape, normality of rapists, and power as a motivation for rape. There were no significant differences between the beliefs expressed by the physicians and those expressed by the volunteer counselors. Further analysis of the data revealed a pattern which suggests that as physicians and volunteers experience more personal contacts with rape victims, these professionals may: (1) view the psychological impact of rape as less severe; (2) be less likely to regard the victim as the precipitating cause; and (3) be less likely to perceive sex as a motivation for rape. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).