ERIC Number: ED198427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Female Adolescents: Factors Differentiating Early-, Middle-, Late-, and Never-Contraceptors.
Rogel, Mary J.; And Others
Identification of factors contributing to the timing of first contraceptive use by girls is an important consideration in structuring primary prevention programs to reduce teenage pregnancies. Interviews with 120 girls aged 12-19 in a study of sexual, contraceptive, and pregnancy decision making covered six areas: (1) demographic information; (2) knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to birth control and sexuality; (3) sexual and obstetric history; (4) environmental pressures; (5) personality factors; and (6) decision-making style. Relevant interview information from 101 sexually active girls was examined for its relationship to timing of first contraceptive use (the length of time between first intercourse and first use of contraception). Six variables explained a significant portion of the variance in timing of first contraception: belief that pregnancy depends on luck, sister previously pregnant, friend previously pregnant, knowledge about parents' and siblings' contraceptive experiences, conflict about birth control, and reaction to boyfriend's disapproval. Girls who had a feeling of control over pregnancy, whose beliefs and knowledge about birth control were accurate, whose friends and siblings favored birth control and had not been pregnant, and who could solicit and take into account the opinions and beliefs of others contracepted earlier than other girls. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).