ERIC Number: ED198423
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-3
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive, Personality and Family Correlates of Children's Sports Participation and Competence.
Kurz, Ronald B.; And Others
Although sports are a part of the child's everyday experience, little is known about factors that relate to children's participation in sports, to their perceptions of self-competence in sports, and to the impression by others of the competence. Children (N=110) participating in a Pediatric Sports Medicine Project completed the psychological portion of the project by furnishing various cognitive, personality, and interview data. Parents completed questionnaires relating to family and child sports participation, and assessed personality variables in their children. Parents and children individually estimated the child's level of sports competence. Parental views of their sons' sports competence was guided by external factors (team membership) and by maternal involvement in sports. In contrast, the boys' assessments of their own sports competence related entirely to cognitive and personality factors. Age and parent ratings proved to be predictors of team membership for boys' and girls' competence in sports. Boys who were team members tended to be white, less anxious than non-team members, less accident prone, and internally controlled. Girls who were not on teams tended to have defensive parents who stress socially desirable and traditional roles for girls. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Hospital, National Medical Center, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). Sponsored by The George Preston Marshall Foundation.