ERIC Number: ED198264
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Field Test of Guidelines for the Development of Memory Aids in Technical Training.
Kincaid, J. Peter; And Others
A study was conducted to determine if Navy authors of instructional material could create effective memory aids for use in rote learning of material. A guidebook published by the Training Analysis and Evaluation Group was used in creating the memory aids. Navy school personnel used the guidebook to develop two training booklets incorporating memory aids. One booklet taught telephone codes for sound-powered phones to sailors in apprentice training school. The other booklet taught sailors how to recognize and respond to ten common navigation buoys. The booklets were evaluated in a classroom setting. Test scores for trainees who used the memory aids were much higher than the scores of trainees who were taught in the traditional way; study time was reduced by half. In the case of buoys, the group taught using memory aids scored 93 percent on the test as compared to 51 percent for the group taught using the traditional technique. In the case of the phone circuit code names, the group taught using memory aids scored 84 percent on the test compared to 63 percent for the group taught using the traditional technique. The study further verified the widespread knowledge that memory aids are beneficial in increasing student performance in rote learning situations, and it demonstrated that given adequate guidelines, memory aids can be developed by school personnel who have not had previous training in this activity. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Naval Training Analysis and Evaluation Group, Orlando, FL.