ERIC Number: ED198208
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
When Push Comes to Shove: Enacting Demonstration Programs at the Local Level.
Kagan, Sharon L.
This paper explores, from the perspective of a local practitioner, phases and effects of implementing a national education demonstration project at the local level. The pivotal role of the locality, its history and its economic realities, is emphasized. Drawing from her experience in planning and implementing a demonstration effort in a northeastern U.S. community, the author cites three difficulties involved in the demonstration project: (1) the illusion of immediate change; (2) the effect of the evaluation study; and (3) the dissonance in goals and time frame between local and national orientations. Based on relevant literature as well as on the author's personal experiences, it is concluded that: (1) the principal is the most important force in enacting a demonstration effort; (2) demonstration programs go through several predictable developmental phases (readiness, high activity, leveling off, and permanent change) that vary in intensity and duration from project to project; (3) if innovation programs are to be effective, they must be more targeted; and (4) while not able to accomplish all the specified tasks, demonstration programs are important contributions to the knowledge base that informs policy. (Author/APM)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Community Characteristics, Demonstration Programs, Educational Innovation, Elementary Secondary Education, Experimental Programs, Local History, Preschool Education, Principals, Program Design, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, School District Autonomy
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in paper copy due to author's restriction.