ERIC Number: ED198052
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Improving the Effectiveness of Your Questions: Some A, B, C's of Questioning.
Stahl, Robert J.
This paper offers suggestions to help social studies teachers improve the oral and written questions they pose in class and use pre- and post-question behaviors which enhance the chances for appropriate student answers. Seven types of questions are identified as useful questioning strategies in many social studies situations. They are recollection/recall, defining, topical, relational, comparative, preferential, and emotive. Examples and specific uses of each type of question are enumerated. It is suggested that, in addition to posing clear and concise questions appropriate for given situations, teachers can improve questioning situations if they adopt positive pre-questions behaviors. Among these behaviors are planning ahead, mentally rehearsing, making sure that students have all necessary information for answering the question, stating questions clearly and precisely, including cue words to help students focus their thinking, asking one question at a time, asking questions before calling on a student, and avoiding asking a large number of questions which require a simple yes/no response. Positive post-question behaviors are also suggested, including waiting in silence after the initial response to give the student a chance to think over what was said, refraining from continually calling on the same students, and helping students feel comfortable with periods of silent waiting and thinking. (DB)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the National Council for Social Studies (New Orleans, LA, November 27, 1980).