ERIC Number: ED198021
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar-30
Reference Count: N/A
Client Impact Study of Six Detoxification Centers ("Sub-Acute Receiving Centers").
Mayer, Steven E.; And Others
Results are reported of a study to determine the effects of detoxification centers on the people who use their services. A detoxification center is "a social rehabilitation facility established for the purpose of facilitating access into care and rehabilitation by detoxifying and evaluating the person and providing entrance into the continuum of care." One hundred twenty-six clients who had been discharged from any of six detoxification centers in Minnesota were interviewed two weeks and then three months after discharge. Only clients who had signed permission slips were contacted. Results are organized into six categories: client characteristics, client reaction to chemical dependency programs, referral practices, changes in use of alcohol and other drugs, changes in clients' lives, and benefits of the study itself. Specifically, most of the sample was involved primarily with alcohol; almost half the study was new to detoxification. Approximately 60% felt they benefited from the detoxification center. Upon leaving the center, most clients were referred to a residential treatment program; other referrals included Alcoholics Anonymous and nonresidential programs. Three months following discharge 49% of the sample claimed that they had not taken a drink in the prior month; 20% were drinking as much as or more than before. Also, 34% said that their employment situation and their emotional makeup were much better than before. Other conclusions of the study are that a high incidence of repeated use of detoxification centers exists, medical management of detoxification varies considerably from center to center, and that there is a risk of violation of patient rights and civil liberties under current practices. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Minnesota State Dept. of Public Welfare, St. Paul.
Authoring Institution: Rainbow Research, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.