ERIC Number: ED197928
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Is the School the Enemy of the Farm? The African Experience. African Rural Economy Paper No. 22.
Hanson, John W.
Primary schooling in Africa is not the enemy of farming it has been thought to be, according to an analysis of relevant field research. Primary school leavers are pragmatic about farming. They frequently delay their farming efforts until their prospects look good. Many rural school leavers migrate to urban centers because of simple economics rather than because schools have turned them against rural living. School leavers tend to be over-optimistic and unrealistic about job and wage possibilities in urban centers. While it is true that wage rates are geared to academic qualifications, many educated rural-urban migrants experience long periods of unemployment before they obtain work. Once school leavers do find jobs, their migration pays their rural communities substantial dividends in the form of financial returns, idea exchanges, and increased skills upon their return. Whether or not school leavers are willing or able to function as rural non-farmers remains an unanswered question. The school leaver basically seeks a good life however he can find it. School plays an important role in giving him the knowledge, skills, and inquisitiveness to help him in his search. Recommendations regarding the financing, focus, and perspective of African primary schools are included. (SB)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Dropouts, Elementary Education, Farmers, Field Studies, Literature Reviews, Migration Patterns, Occupational Aspiration, Out of School Youth, Productivity, Rural Development, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural to Urban Migration, Student Attitudes, Unemployment, Urban Areas
African Rural Economy Program, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
Identifiers - Location: Africa