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ERIC Number: ED197841
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Causal Attributions of Female and Male Success and Failure.
Etaugh, Claire; And Others
The purpose of this study was to clarify the age of emergence of differential attributions for the success and failure of girls and boys on feminine and masculine tasks. Subjects were 192 children attending either preschool or third grade. From this group 6 boys and 6 girls from each grade level were randomly assigned to one of eight conditions which were produced by varying three parameters: sex of performer (male or female), sex of task (feminine or masculine), and outcome (success or failure). Each child was then shown a drawing appropriate to his/her experimental condition which depicted a young girl or boy either successfully or unsuccessfully completing a traditionally labeled masculine task (building a "go-cart") or a traditionally feminine task (baking a cake). The child's explanation of the outcome was assessed by presenting six paired-comparison choices representing the six possible combinations of the Weiner et al (1971) dimensions of task difficulty (luck, ability and effort). Expected outcomes of failing at a sex-inappropriate task or succeeding at a sex-appropriate one were more often attributed by third graders to the stable factors of task difficulty and ability than to the unstable factor of luck. These findings support the earlier study's hypothesis that expected outcomes will increase attributions to stable factors. Preschoolers did not show the attributional patterns originally predicted. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A