ERIC Number: ED197577
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Autistic Children in Public School.
Schopler, Eric; Bristol, Marie
Intended for public school administrators and regular classroom teachers, the report discusses the nature of autistic children and examines aspects of successful educational programs for them. The historical background is traced down from Itard's wild boy through theories of faulty parental conditioning, to current thought on the causes of autism. Diagnostic issues, including distinctions between autism and schizophrenia, the impact of family socioeconomic status, and current criteria for autism are reviewed. The importance of individualized assessment in different areas of mental functioning is stressed, and the role of short term goals for classroom and family priorities is considered. A discussion of four issues concludes the paper: the educability of autistic children, expected gains, moral and legal requirements affecting placement and curriculum (including a review of considerations for placement in classes with other types of handicapped children), and teacher training. Among factors cited for teacher turnover are excessive paperwork, children's slow progress, and conflict with parents. Experiences of the Division for the Treatment and Education of Autistic and Communications Handicapped Children, a statewide program in North Carolina, are cited throughout the paper. (CL)
Descriptors: Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Curriculum, Educational Methods, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Relationship, History, Public Schools, Student Characteristics, Student Evaluation, Student Placement, Teacher Education
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, The Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 (Free while supply lasts).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. Council for Exceptional Children.
Note: ERIC Exceptional Child Education Report Series, IAP No. 79-6.