ERIC Number: ED197438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Economies of Scale and Cost-Quality Relationships in Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Survey.
Dawson, D. A.
Within the context of declining enrollment, this paper considers the questions of economies of scale, cost-quality interrelationships, and rigidities in the Ontario school system. From a survey of the pertinent literature, the author concludes that economies of scale are linked to the level, size, and pupil/teacher ratio of a school and operate only under certain conditions. The relationship between cost and quality is even less well-defined. The author quotes many researchers who claim that no statistical relationship exists between expenditures and student performance on standardized tests. Similarly, he fails to unearth evidence that demonstrates a correlation between student achievement and a low pupil/teacher ratio. The author concludes that schools will have to be closed and that school boards, through careful planning and well-publicized decision-making, can effect such closures despite the rigidities created by strong bargaining units and the existing affinity for neighborhood schools. (Author/WD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cost Effectiveness, Declining Enrollment, Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Foreign Countries, Performance Factors, Retrenchment, School Closing, Standardized Tests, Student Teacher Ratio
Publications Centre, Ministry of Government Services, 880 Bay St., 5th Floor, Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario M7A 1N8 Canada (Record No. ON01478/CODE00286; $.50 microfiche).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Declining School Enrolments in Ontario, Toronto.
Identifiers - Location: Canada