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ERIC Number: ED197321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reading Skill and the Identification of Words in Discourse Context.
Perfetti, Charles A.; And Others
Memory & Cognition, v7 n4 pp. 273-282 1979
Word identification latencies and word prediction accuracy were compared for groups of skilled and less skilled fifth grade readers in three experiments. In each experiment, discourse context reduced identification latencies for less skilled as well as skilled readers. This was true both when context was heard and when it was read. The general relationship between word predictability and latency was the same for skilled readers and for less skilled readers, but only less skilled readers' identification latencies were affected by word length and word frequency when the word appeared in context. When subjects predicted the word before identifying it, correctly predicted words were identified more quickly than words not predicted correctly, and skilled readers were more accurate in prediction than were less skilled readers. The results suggest that the use of context in identifying words is not a major source of reading difficulty. (Author/MKM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.