ERIC Number: ED197269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Costs and Benefits of Research and Participant Opinion Change.
Watson, Neill; Bloch, Richard M.
Researchers and the committees established for the protection of research participants are obliged to consider the ratio of ethical costs to benefits when making decisions about whether a study should be conducted. Pre- and post-questionnaires were administered to students participating in reserach projects to assess their opinions concerning psychological research, researcher truthfulness, and willingness to participate as a subject in research projects. The post-questionnaire also assessed the number of experiments in which a participant reported experiencing specified costs or benefits. Results indicated that negative opinion change was associated with being informed of deception and with suspecting deception. Demonstration of the negative impact of deception, even in a benign research environment, emphasizes the importance of minimizing unnecessary deception in research with student participants. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).