ERIC Number: ED197224
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Quality of Work in the Youth Entitlement Demonstration.
Ball, Joseph; And Others
The Youth Incentive Entitlement Pilot Projects were set up to aid disadvantaged youths, ages 16 to 19, by guaranteeing them a part-time job during the school year and a full-time job during summer months on the condition that they remain in, or return to, a secondary school or enroll in an equivalent education program. The program was started in January, 1978, and enrolled more than 59,000 youths in 17 communities across the country by November, 1979. A study was conducted to assess the quality of the work setting created for the Entitlement participants, and, incidentally, to define a "quality work experience" for possible application to future programs. The study involved field visits by experienced assessors to a random sample of 520 worksites. Data were collected on job content, participant-to-supervisor ratios, presence of work sponsor job performance standards, and characterstics of the work process. Finally, assessments of the value and quality of the jobs from the perspectives of three parties--the youths, their work sponsors, and independent field assessors, were recorded. Analysis of the data showed that about 85-90 percent of worksites were adequate or better; and that only a very small proportion of worksites involved "make-work," while a very large proportion provided "meaningful" work that might lead to future employment opportunities, that kept youths busy, that was valuable to the sponsors, and that satisfied the youths. A slower start-up of the project and more careful worksite monitoring may likely have reduced the incidence of inadequate worksites in the demonstration. (KC)
Descriptors: Definitions, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropout Prevention, Dropouts, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, High Schools, Job Development, Pilot Projects, Program Design, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Work Environment, Work Experience Programs, Youth Employment
Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016 (Write for price).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act