ERIC Number: ED197223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Supported Work Demonstration: Effects During the First 18 Months after Enrollment.
Maynard, Rebecca; And Others
An interim evaluation was conducted to determine the impact of the National Supported Work Demonstration (NSWD) on employment of four target groups: Aid for Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients, ex-drug-addicts, ex-offenders, and youths. The evaluation was based on data collected in interviews with 2,830 persons--1,419 of whom were offered supported work jobs, and 1,400 of whom were members of a randomly-selected control group at twenty-one sites--and provides information on the employment and earnings, welfare receipt, drug use, and criminal activities of both groups during an eighteen-month period after their enrollment in the sample. The evaluation suggests that supported work has succeeded in achieving many of its primary short-term objectives. During the early months after enrollment, the employment and economic status of the experimentals in all four target groups improved substantially compared to that of the control groups. This was accompanied by significant reductions in welfare benefits. During the brief post-program period (months 16-18), however, the results are more ambiguous and vary between sites and target groups. (Evaluators caution that survey results are preliminary, limited by a small sample, and may have been influenced by rising employment opportunities nationwide and the existence of a special unemployment compensation program.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Control Groups, Crime, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Drug Addiction, Employment Programs, Income, Participant Characteristics, Program Effectiveness, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016 (Write for price).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.; Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.