ERIC Number: ED197054
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Structural and Attitudinal Factors Related to the Work Commitment of Employed Women.
Thomson, Susan Gotsch
A study was conducted to determine the (theoretical) relative influence of family status and occupational and attitudinal variables on women's commitment to work. Twelve hundred working women were asked. "If you were to get enough money to live as comfortably as you'd like for the rest of your life, would you continue to work? Yes or no?" Answers were tabulated and compared, using Goodman analysis, with such variables as marital status, race, education, presence of preschool or older children, job satisfaction, and occupation. Results suggest a composite portrait of the working woman with highest work commitment: she is young, white, not currently married, has some college experience (especially a degree), is most likely to be a professional or manager, is very satisfied with her job, and values the challenge aspects of the job more highly than the financial aspects (non-instrumental). The picture of a woman with a low degree of work commitment is that she is an older white, married blue-collar woman with no more than a high school education; her job is not satisfying to her and her work orientation is either instrumental or mixed. It is important to note that presence of preschool children, family income, and income adequacy were not found to influence work commitment, even when examined with a series of controls. (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Attitudes, Blacks, Blue Collar Occupations, Children, Clerical Occupations, Employed Women, Family Income, Family Influence, Family Status, Females, Job Satisfaction, Literature Reviews, Managerial Occupations, Marital Status, Need Gratification, Occupations, Preschool Children, Professional Occupations, White Collar Occupations, Whites, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Scientific Research Society of North America, New Haven, CT.
Authoring Institution: N/A