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ERIC Number: ED196800
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Open Space and Closed Space Classrooms in Social Studies Instruction.
McTeer, J. Hugh; Beavers, Sharon Seago
The purpose of this study was to discover if there were differences in student attitude and achievement toward and in the subject matter between students taught in an open space and in a closed space. Two classes in U.S. history taught in 11th grade were compared. The same instructor taught both classes using identical methods, procedures, and materials. The teacher, in both her own self-concept and also in the views of her fellow teachers and school administrators, demonstrated those characteristics often quoted as characterizing the open classroom--people-centered, idea-centered, experience-centered, and problem-oriented. During the first week of the quarter, the social studies attitude pretest "A Scale to Measure Attitude Toward any School Subject," Form A and part of the"Purdue Master Attitude" were given to both groups. Also, the midterm test accompanying the text used in the teaching of the course, "The Rise of the American Nation" by Lewis Todd and Merle Curti, was given as a pretest of subject matter knowledge. The findings of the study showed that the type of classroom, open space or the traditional closed space, made no significant difference in students' attitude toward social studies or the amount of subject matter knowledge gained by students. However, if one considers the fact that both groups gained in their attitude toward social studies and if the teacher who taught both sections is truly an open classroom teacher, then the open classroom teacher may make a difference in students' attitude toward learning. Probably the individual teacher is more important in any learning situation than is the physical classroom setting. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A