ERIC Number: ED196799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Measuring Attitudes Toward Animal Life: A Technical Report to American Humane.
This paper evaluates two measurement instruments with regard to their ability to measure children's and young people's attitudes toward animals. The instruments are the Fireman Test (in which children are asked to identify those few animals and/or material possessions which a fireman should try to save during a fire) and the Good Ideas and Bad Ideas Test (in which children are directed to respond to multiple choice questions involving feelings about whether certain actions involving animals and inanimate objects are good or bad). Tests based on these two measurement instruments were administered to over 2,000 pupils in grades three through six and grade nine. Information is presented on test development, validity, reliability, differences to be expected among responses for different grade levels, actual differences at different grade levels, intercorrelations of humane attitude scores among students taking both tests, and variations in student scores according to a number of variables, including reading level, socioeconomic status, boy or girl scouting experience, English placement, and knowledge about and experience with animals. Findings from comparison of test scores with a variety of controls for these and other variables indicated that the Fireman Test and the Good and Bad Ideas Test provide more valid and reliable information about students' attitudes toward animals than has been available to date for use by researchers in humane education. The conclusion is that humane educators will be able to develop and implement educational programs which are more effective in solving problems related to animal life if they use these tests. Copies of the measurement instruments and 22 tables of test-related data are included in the appendices. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Appendix A may not reproduce clearly from EDRS in microfiche due to poor reproducibility of original document.