ERIC Number: ED196603
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
American Indian Energy Resources and Development. University of New Mexico, Native American Studies, Development Series No. 2.
Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar, Ed.
One of a series of scholarly books published each year in the field of American Indian economic development, this volume contains two articles regarding the development of American Indian energy resources. In the first article, Richard Nafziger traces the exploitation of American Indian tribes by energy corporations whose main goal is overall profit maximization, achieved by such strategies as monopolizing supplies and markets, exercising political power, and transnational corporation formation. In contrast, tribal goals are to maximize local economic benefits from a particular mine while minimizing environmental, social, and cultural costs. Nafziger suggests strategies for challenging the energy industry's enormous power. In the second article, Lorraine Turner Ruffing reviews the limited progress of individual Indian tribes and of collectives (such as the Council of Energy Resource Tribes) in obtaining a fairer share of their mineral wealth. She notes the many obstacles facing the Indians, including the power of transnational corporations, the system of American contract law, American misconceptions of the energy crisis, and Indian reluctance to share information among themselves. Ruffing suggests the formation of a coherent Tribal-level mineral policy as a significant strategy for increasing Indian income and control over mineral development. A guide to resource materials is included. (SB)
Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Energy, Natural Resources, Policy Formation, Self Determination, Tribal Sovereignty, Tribes
Native American Studies, University of New Mexico, 1812 Las Lomas, Albuquerque, NM ($5.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque.