ERIC Number: ED196407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Narration, Detail, and Event Relevance in Illustrated Materials.
Whitaker, Janet L.; Sullivan, Howard J.
This study was an investigation of the effects of narration and level of picture detail on children's recall of illustrated materials. Third and sixth grade students were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: groups one and two viewed two 7-frame stories accompanied by oral narration; groups three and four viewed the same stories without narration. Groups one and three differed from two and four in that the first story was low detail and the second was high detail, while groups two and four viewed the same stories in reversed detail level. The criterion tests consisted of 14 recall questions per story, seven about events relevant to the story, and seven about events irrelevant to the story. The tests were given immediately following the second story and again one week later. The results indicated that narrated stories facilitated recall significantly better than non-narrated stories; although low detail line drawings were remembered better than high detail pictures on the immediate test, the effect was not present on the delayed test; relevant events were recalled better than irrelevant events; and narration improved recall of irrelevant events more than of relevant events. (Author/CHC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Denver, CO, April 21-24, 1980). For complete proceedings of the Research and Theory Division, see IR 008 914. Best available copy.