ERIC Number: ED196388
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Beard, Ruth M.; Senior, Isabel J.
The nature of motivation among students taking higher studies is examined, based on research and interviews with students from various English polytechnics and universities. Study topics include environmental factors that influence success, the reasons for student withdrawal, and the effects of courses and teaching methods, as well as the importance of different forms of assessment. Examples show how informative marking can promote students' success and improve their motivation, while less relevant forms of assessment can lead to their being concerned only with examinations. The bases for selection for higher education and the relation of A-levels to degree performance are assessed. Problems of first-year students are considered in relation to the following four areas: (1) use of activities that help students rapidly to become acquainted with each other and their teachers, (2) early diagnosis of, and assistance with, difficulties or areas of ignorance, (3) aid with study methods and use of the library, and (4) provision of information about the purposes of the course, methods of assessment, and how the teaching will be structured. The following student characteristics that may affect academic success are discussed: intelligence, levels of maturity and student expectations, cognitive styles, personality traits, and physiological differences and learning. The following types of courses and their effect on student motivation are examined: sandwich (cooperative) courses, structured courses for individual study, and interdisciplinary courses. A bibliography is included. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Students, Cooperative Education, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Objectives, Educational Testing, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, School Orientation, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student College Relationship, Student Evaluation, Student Motivation, Success, Teaching Methods
Routledge and Kegan Paul, 9 Park Street, Boston, MA 02108 ($17.50).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom