ERIC Number: ED196136
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Educational Needs Assessment: A Systematic Method for Determining Educational Need of Instructional Programs.
Yuskiewicz, Vincent D.
Needs assessment is a systematic procedure by which educational needs are identified and ranked in order of priority. A need may be described as the measurable discrepancy between an acceptable standard and an observed level of performance. Two fundamental elements in organizing a needs assessment are a strong level of commitment on the part of those affected and the formation of a needs assessment project committee to plan, coordinate, and monitor the project. The needs assessment procedure includes six steps: (1) identify goals to narrow the scope of the assessment within the framework of the district philosophy; (2) identify objectives by translating goals into specific program objectives; (3) prioritize objectives to determine the relative levels of importance of each objective; (4) assess actual status through use of measures congruent with the objectives being measured; (5) determine descrepancies between "what should be" and "what is"; and (6) prioritize needs considering the index of need value and the quartile of the perceived prioritized objective. A continuous evaluation of the assessment process itself is recommended, focusing on the areas of process, product, participation, management, communications, and budget. (Author/JK)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A