ERIC Number: ED195687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Americans in Transition: Life Changes as Reasons for Adult Learning.
Aslanian, Carol B.; Brickell, Henry M.
A study examined the reasons for and the timing of adult learning. A national sample of almost 2000 American age 25 or older were interviewed face-to-face or by telephone. Questions examined the causes and timing of adult learning and the procedures used by adults to meet their learning objectives. Examination of the characteristics of learners and non-learners among survey participants revealed that learners are considerably younger, better educated, and in higher income brackets than non-learners and are more likely to be white, unmarried, and live in urbanized areas. Most respondents (83 per cent) said they were learning to cope with career, family, health, religious, or citizenship changes. Desire to pursue leisure and art activities was cited by 17 per cent of the respondents. The timing of adult learning was directly dependent on the timing of these transitions. Analysis of adult learning procedures revealed that over half of the respondents studied career-related topics, about 30 per cent learned on their own, 30 per cent learned in educational institutions, and 40 per cent learned elsewhere. Eighteen conclusions and a series of implications for adult educators, counselors, policy makers and learners were made. (Appendixes contain fifty-nine tables summarizing survey results.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adults, Career Change, Family Role, Individual Characteristics, Learning Motivation, Learning Processes, Lifelong Learning, National Surveys, Student Educational Objectives, Time Factors (Learning)
College Board Publication Orders, Box 2815, Princeton, NJ 08541 ($10.75).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: EXXON Education Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY. Future Directions for a Learning Society.