ERIC Number: ED195656
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Fear of Success, Sex Roles, and Personal Success Goals.
Jenkins, Sharon Rae
To explore the nature of the success which fear-of-success-women avoid and that to which they aspire, a study elicited essays on subjects' definitions of personal success. Instrumental career striving was examined by requesting self-reports on subjects' preferred career, reasons for career choice, current activities toward eventual career attainment, and post-graduation plans. The subjects were thirty-five female introductory psychology students. Five were black, one was Oriental. About three-quarters were first year. Five were majoring in the social sciences, eleven in traditional liberal arts, the rest were from various undergraduate professional schools. Four TAT slides were used to elicit imaginative stories. Subjects also responded to open-ended questions. Results indicated priority of personal success definitions was, in descending order, personal satisfaction, people, effects and job, and family life. Common reasons for career preference were helping people, loving people, and liking and interest. Education and career-related work were the most frequently mentioned career-directed actions. Most subjects planned career-preparatory work or graduate education. The motive to avoid success was negatively related to (1) femininity; (2) priority given to personal satisfaction, jobs, family life, and people in general; and (3) career choice because of liking for and interest in field. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Meeting (New York, NY, 1979).