ERIC Number: ED195453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Denuclearization for a Just World: The Failure of Non Proliferation.
Institute for World Order, New York, NY.; World Order Models Project.
The document discusses the non proliferation policies of nuclear power nations. It specifically focuses on the credibility gap which exists between the actual statements of peaceful intentions made by these nations which express the need for non proliferation of nuclear weapons and their actual conduct with regards to nuclear-related issues in international relations. Described as a declaration prepared by a group of concerned scholars and open for signature by concerned individuals throughout the world, the document is part of a project committed to encouraging research, education, dialogue, and action for a more just world order. Instances in which nuclear nations have endangered world peace are identified. These include allowing politics to become increasingly militarized, neglecting social and human services in favor of increased military expenditures, deploying strategic and nuclear missiles in Europe (both NATO and Warsaw Pact nations are guilty of this), attempting to legitimize nuclear war, considering doctrines about "winnable" nuclear wars, intervening in the political affairs of less powerful societies, and stockpiling nuclear weaponry while denying this right to nations which currently have no nuclear weapons. To promote the goals of nuclear peace and demilitarization, a five part program is recommended: (1) a no-first-use-pledge; (2) a nuclear freeze; (3) a workable timetable on arms reduction; (4) a declaration of nuclear crime which would clarify the illegality, immorality, and criminality of any threat or use of nuclear weapons; and (5) a denuclearized order, under which the possession of nuclear weapons by any state beyond a specific date would be treated as a crime against humanity. The conclusion is that denuclearization will become a viable option only if governments, associations, organizations, and individuals support demilitarization by all means at their disposal, including but not restricted to making it the central concern at international non-proliferation conferences. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for World Order, New York, NY.; World Order Models Project.
Note: Prepared at Lisbon Conference of the World Order Models Project (Geneva, Switzerland, August 14, 1980).