ERIC Number: ED195348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
The Effects of Day Care: A Review of the Literature.
Brock, William M.
The purpose of this review is to examine findings concerning the effects of day care on psychosocial and cognitive development. Studies are grouped into two broad categories: (1) the effects of day care on the mother-child relationship; and (2) other psychological outcomes. Only a few studies have found evidence that day care negatively affects the mother-child relationship. Variables such as socioeconomic status, age, sex, length of time in care, and the day care construct have only recently been systematically examined. Studies of these variables that could be considered unfavorable to day care frequently present serious methodological weaknesses. The typical study involves an ex post facto comparison of several matched groups. While these studies shed some light on day care effects, the variables and study context are seldom described in sufficient detail to permit strong inferences from the data. Studies of the cognitive effects of day care constitute a major portion of the day care literature. Little evidence has been presented that day care attendance can have a deleterious effect on children's cognitive funcitoning. In fact, there is evidence to support the opposite view. Of the few studies of day care effects on the cognitive functioning of high risk children, most have demonstrated beneficial results. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.