ERIC Number: ED195189
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Employment Patterns of Academic Scientists and Engineers, 1973-78. Special Report.
Berry, Richard M.
The continued increase in the number of academically employed scientists and engineers (S/E) in the face of financial constraints in higher education is analyzed, based on data from the National Science Foundation's academic science surveys and extensive interviews of university officials at 23 institutions. The following areas are addressed: factors behind growth in academic S/E professional employment, institutional distribution of research, changing employment characteristics of academic researchers, women scientists in academe, and implications for the future. Among the findings are the following: increases in S/E professional employment in academe have been concentrated in recent years in doctorate-granting institutions; increased research and development funding from both federal and nonfederal sources seems to be the principal factor responsible for recent growth in employment of academic S/E; research is being increasingly emphasized as a means of attracting support for S/E professional staff; research emphasis is influencing the types of positions offered to applicants for S/E jobs; institutions in the lower quartiles of research performance are expected to be relatively vulnerable to financial adversity resulting from high rates of inflation and demographic shifts caused by anticipated declines in the college-age population; and S/E personnel on short-term renewable research contracts, including many newly recruited women scientists, are expected to be especially vulnerable to any future reductions in force. Notes of the research methodology and data reliability are included. (SW)
Descriptors: College Faculty, Doctoral Programs, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Engineers, Federal Aid, Females, Financial Support, Higher Education, Occupational Surveys, Research Opportunities, Research Projects, Researchers, Retrenchment, Scientists
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC 20550
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.