ERIC Number: ED194986
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Preparation of Educational Administrators in Europe--Present and Future Prospectives.
No country in Europe, with the exception of France, provides specially designed professional preservice programs to prepare educational administrators. This is partly because administrators have little power, being controlled at one level by central politicians and administrators and at the institutional level by teachers and teacher unions. Increasing decentralization may change this situation. Some European countries have developed inservice programs to help administrators cope with increased authority. A program considered vital to the renewal of Swedish comprehensive schools represents the first time systematic research and development efforts have been applied to the preparation of educational administrators in Europe. A basic assumption of this program is that the school leader should be an agent of change. In Germany, a program called the "Harzburger Model" consists of a correspondence course based on the holistic business management model. Explicit in the program is the assumption that educational management has no role in educational innovation. The situation in France is somewhat different from that in Sweden and Germany. During the last four years, school leaders in France have been required to take a 12-week training course prior to their first headmaster position. The course is a combination of theory and practice. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Administrator Role, Centralization, Change Agents, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Management Development, Politics
Not available separately; see EA 013 022.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. Center for Continuing Education.
Identifiers - Location: France; Germany; Sweden