ERIC Number: ED194927
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Philosophical Perspective in Argument: Reasons, Validity, and Force.
Noting that in argument theory there are three contemporary perspectives--(1) the constructivist/interactionist approach, (2) the social theory approach, and (3) the philosophical perspective focusing on validity and reasons--this paper explains the weakness of following the first approach in argument and examines some implications of a commitment to the second approach. It then suggests that the term "force" be explored as an important concept to the perspective that should be emphasized--the philosophical. It contends that argument is a process, though not in the way constructivists conceive of it; that argument involves speech as action, as the social theorists define it; and that argument theories should also include attention to validity claims and the process of invention. The paper points out that the present controversies in argument theory can be framed by the question, "What is the relationship of argument one to argument two?" and describes the argument one/argument two distinction by explaining its origin and offering some more useful questions. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (66th, New York, NY, November 13-16, 1980).