ERIC Number: ED194923
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
The Perception of Nonverbal Behavior in Function of the Age and the Sex of the Rater.
von Raffler-Engel, Walburga
Research was conducted on the age and sex differences in raters' evaluations of job applicants' nonverbal behaviors. A ten-minute videotape of five interviews was shown to 28 members (7 females and 21 males) of the Industrial Personnel Association who had varying years of experience in personnel work. The simulations depicted job applicants whose nonverbal behaviors varied in the following ways: constant gesticulation of hands; lack of eye contact; leaning over the table to the limit of territorial range and facing the interviewer directly most of the time (aggressive candidate); nervousness; and leaning slightly forward, establishing eye contact, and using moderate gesticulation (nonaggressive candidate). The age of the interviewer had a significant influence on general attitude toward hiring the applicant, but years of experience did not. Professional women were consistently harsher judges than the men. For whatever reasons (innate or learned), the female personnel officers consciously attributed more weight to nonverbal behavior than their male counterparts. While all the personnel managers preferred the more aggressive candidate to the nonaggressive candidate, this preference was very slight among the males and pronounced among the females. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress of Psychology (22nd, Leipzig, Germany, July 1980).