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ERIC Number: ED194883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Story Structures: Comments on Recent Literature.
Peterson, Gordon
Several theories of story structure are reviewed in this paper, including those of D. Rumelhart, R. Schank, and T. van Dijk. Examples are given of Rumelhart's story grammar consisting of elements such as setting, episodes, events, and reactions that must be present to form a coherent structure. Schank's contribution to story structure theory is said to be the concept of scripts, an elaborate causal sequence of actions listed in hierarchical order and often based on experienced situations causing certain expectations, such as knowledge and expectation of what should happen in a restaurant. Van Dijk's contributions are noted as the proposal of a basic story structure and the development of three rules to explain the comprehension process (the rules of generalization, deletion, and construction). Five implications for instruction based on the works of these men are suggested. (MKM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A