ERIC Number: ED194838
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Type A Behavior Pattern and Reactions to Uncontrollable Events.
Brunson, Bradford I.
Systematic investigations have verified the existence of a number of behavioral manifestations of the "Type A" behavior pattern. For example, brief exposure to salient uncontrollable stress has led to enhanced performance by Type A's on a subsequent task, whereas prolonged exposure has lead to performance deterioration. The ongoing experiences of Type A's were compared with those of Type B's during prolonged exposure to unsolvable concept-formation problems. Subjects were asked to verbalize their thoughts during the experimental tasks. Type A's and Type B's differed dramatically in their self-reported attributions for success and failure. Type A's began to state and use ineffectual coping strategies when confronted with failure; they attributed their failures to stupidity and lack of ability, and became increasingly frustrated and annoyed with themselves. In contrast, Type B's emphasized task difficulty as playing a critical role in their failure and also made attributions to experimenter factors and chance. Findings lend empirical support to the theoretical notion that attributions to stable, internal qualities are likely to lead to helplessness and performance deterioration. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).