ERIC Number: ED194827
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May-6
Reference Count: 0
The Prediction of Therapeutic Empathy in Nonclinical Psychologists.
Strachan, Angus; Shiffman, Saul
Forty nonclinical psychology graduate students participated in brief small-group interchanges designed as psychotherapy analogues. The interaction was rated by trained judges, and the "clients" in the simulations also rated "therapist" empathy. The most powerful predictor of client-rated empathy was gender, with women receiving higher empathy scores. The next most powerful predictors were measures of academic achievement. Observer-rated empathy was not significantly predicted by any of the measures used. The greater perceived empathy of the female graduate students may reflect the greater comfort of both sexes in talking with women, or it may reflect the sex-role training of women. The findings also suggest that, while high scores on academic achievement measures predict empathy,"highly abstract" people may have difficulty communicating their empathic understanding. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980).