ERIC Number: ED194530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Developing Parallel Holistic and Analytic Scoring Guides for Assessing Elementary Writing Samples.
Prater, Doris; Padia, William
To help school districts comply with basic skills legislation, the California State Department of Education developed sample writing exercises and scoring guides. The exercises were modeled after Kinneavy's three categories of discourse: expressive--writer oriented; explanatory--subject oriented; and persuasive--audience oriented. The minimum prompt gave directions to students about the purpose and audience for their essay. A four-point holistic scoring guide was developed: four evaluation criteria were associated with each point. An analytic scoring guide was also developed to rate content (ideas, organization) and the mechanics of syntax, usage, punctuation, capitalization and spelling. Criteria established for both guides were similar. To measure the reliability of the scoring guides, elementary teachers were trained to score 600 essays by students, grades four and six. Each essay received a holistic score from two independent scorers, as well. Correlation coefficients between the holistic and total analytic scores for each discourse category were strong. (CP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (San Antonio, TX, February, 1980).