ERIC Number: ED194482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Trends and Research Questions in Research on Learning and Schooling.
This paper concentrates on cognitive psychological research on school subjects using as illustration work in reading, mathematics, and aptitude for learning. In general, the work in reading research can be characterized in terms of three themes: (1) comprehension as the construction of knowledge; (2) the structure of text; and (3) reading as the acquisition of a skill. In mathematics, research is largely centered around the polarity and tension between emphasis on the learning of procedural rules for solving problems on the one hand, and emphasis on "meaningful" instruction and mathematical "understanding" on the other. Researchers on intelligence and aptitude are unhappy with the state of the art for a number of reasons. Most important are: (1) Given our present techniques, theoretical understanding of the abilities measured, and the usual forms of testing, we have reached a plateau of efficiency; (2) The tests provide minimal information--useful for selective decisions about entrance into a program, but not diagnostic enough to affect the conduct of instruction; and (3) Current test theory and technique have not made contact with new developments in the psychology of learning and cognition. (Author/RJG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Prepared for Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education "Needs of Elementary and Secondary Education in the 1980's: A Compendium of Policy Papers." For entire document (microfiche only), see ED 185 660. For individual documents (microfiche and paper copy), see SP 016 934.