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ERIC Number: ED194404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A View of Communal Education in Collective Societies and Kibbutzim in Israel.
Tolliver, J. Howard
The document reviews the establishment and goals of kibbutzim in Israel and discusses the impact on the second generation of those born in the kibbutz. Israeli kibbutzim, established over 70 years ago, are voluntary, primarily agricultural, collective settlements of community owned property and collective economic production. The collective kitchen, clothing, and child-rearing practices free the mother to pursue full socioeconomic and cultural roles. In the religious kibbutzim children enter collective education at the age of 18 months. They see their parents only on weekends and religious holidays. Their eight to twelve years of schooling consists of knowing the Torah, Prophets, Midrashic literature, the Talmud, humanism, the social sciences, and the English language. The student must also be a specialist either in agriculture or a craft. Military duty begins at age 18. During their collective upbringing children learn self-reliance and that to show emotion is to show selfishness. A result of this upbringing is that when members leave the kibbutz they feel guilty for desiring the pleasures of the outside world. They are also unable to make simple decisions. A recent study indicates that the second generation is more pragmatic and less idealistic than their parents. They aim for a higher standard of living, greater freedom in career choice, and individual success. Women are returning to the traditional role of family caretaker. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A