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ERIC Number: ED194400
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Oct-21
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Turning Points: Ideas in Books Affecting American Education.
Parker, Franklin
Ideas in ten books which marked turning points in American educational directions are analyzed. William H. McGuffey's "Readers" (1836-44) set the moral and inspirational tone that still exists in American education, though now lessened and mainly in small-town America. "Medical Education in the United States and Canada" (Flexner, 1910) reflected the need for upgrading and regulation of professional education by the professions and government. "The Measurement of Intelligence" (Terman, 1916) offered testing to aid school guidance, though recent critics denounce its bias against minorities and its sorting function. "Democracy and Education" (Dewey, 1916) urged a liberal education reformation of America, especially among the lower class, through a child-centered progressive philosophy of education. "Dare the Schools Build a New Social Order?" (Counts, 1932) asked during the Depression a question which President Johnson in the mid 1960s tried to answer with mixed success. The Harvard Report "General Education in a Free Society," 1945, tried to restore the liberal arts in a time of egalitarian vocationalism. "The Process of Education (Bruner, 1960) urged the restoration of math, biology, and physics, ostensibly for the majority but in practice for the gifted. "Equality of Educational Opportunity" (Coleman, 1966) was the nation's 10-year report on school desegregation. "The Irony of Early School Reform" (Katz, 1968) was the first of several radical revisionist interpretations of U.S. educational history. "Beyond Freedom and Dignity" (Skinner, 1971) justified manipulation and control of U.S. schools and society. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A