ERIC Number: ED194294
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Outlays in Fiscal 1978: A Comparison of Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas. Rural Development Research Report No. 25.
Hendler, Charles I.; Reid, J. Norman
The study described the patterns of government outlay to U.S. metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas for 86% of the $499 billion of federal outlays and loan guarantees made in fiscal 1978 to individual counties in the 50 states. Between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas there were considerable variations in outlays to programs in seven functional areas. Non-metropolitan areas received $195 more per capita for agriculture, energy, and the environment; $42 more for targeted economic development; and $20 more for tansfer payments. Metropolitan areas received $300 more per capita for defense and space programs; $90 more for human resources; $29 more for physical investments; and $66 more for other federal functions. Overall, metropolitan areas received an average of $2,007 per capita, 9% more than the $1,845 per capita for non-metropolitan areas. The 20% of the U.S. population living in counties with the lowest outlays received only 11% of federal funds while the 20% living in counties with the highest outlays received 37%. Within metropolitan areas, core counties often received higher per capita outlays than did fringe counties. Within non-metropolitan areas, very rural counties received substantially higher outlays than other counties. Southern and Western non-metropolitan areas received more outlays for most functions but Northeastern non-metropolitan areas received less per capita than metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in other regions. (Author/SB)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Capital Outlay (for Fixed Assets), Comparative Analysis, Economic Development, Energy, Environment, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Fiscal Capacity, Geographic Regions, Human Resources, Metropolitan Areas, National Defense, Program Costs, Resource Allocation, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Urban Differences
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service (USDA), Washington, DC.