ERIC Number: ED194209
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Videotape Perspectives: Impact of Family Oriented Intervention.
Connell, David B.
This study describes the natural activities, behaviors and social interactions of 32 infants in their own homes. Participating families were from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Salem, Oregon; were involved in the Child and Family Resource Program (CFRP); and had a child between the ages of 11 to 14 months when the study was conducted. The families from Oklahoma City were black and the families from Salem were white. A comparison group was formed from families on CFRP waiting lists. For each family three half-hour videotapes were made. Videotaped behaviors of infants were coded using a coding system developed (by Jean Carew) for observations in the home. In addition to videotapes, parent interviews as well as observations of parent behaviors were conducted. In the analysis of the data, first, the frequency and consistency of the codes were examined. Second, the relationships of codes and coding dimensions were analyzed through factor analysis. Finally, differences between CFRP and control group families were examined through analysis of variance. Among the findings, CFRP children spent a greater proportion of their time in interaction with their parents (especially with the black families) and engaged in more fine motor exploratory behavior (especially in the white families). Further, trends suggested that CFRP family interactions more often included positive emotion and affection. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.