ERIC Number: ED194076
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Experience vs Two Kinds of Feedback in CAI Problem Solving.
Steinberg, Esther R.
This research is part of a series of studies, in which the long term objective is to use computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to teach students how to solve nonroutine problems, i.e., problems in which the problem solvers must generate their own strategies. The subjects were 93 first and third graders who tried to solve a novel reasoning problem on a computer-based instructional terminal, in one of three conditions: experience only, feedback that was a visual record of the student's work on the first five problems, or interactive instructional feedback on how to solve each incorrect problem. Results showed that experience alone was as effective as the feedback conditions in terms of both the number of successful students and the number of trials needed to succeed. Successful students in all conditions generalized their strategies to two transfer tasks, but transfer was not immediate. It was hypothesized that in the initial task the feedback conditions failed because they did not enable students to eliminate their natural, but incorrect, strategies. Results of a post hoc study supported this hypothesis. (Author/MER)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).