ERIC Number: ED194012
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Study of Program Management Procedures in the Campus Based and Basic Grant Programs, Final Report: MISAA Impact Analysis.
Smith, Malbert; And Others
The impact of the Middle Income Student Assistance Act (MISAA) program was evaluated through analysis of financial aid to cohorts of students before and after MISAA, a longitudinal examination of a sample of students before and after its enactment, and a macro-level analysis of the effect of MISAA on the relationship between income and aid. The sample of 4,092 students at 91 four-year colleges and universities were surveyed before (1978-79) and after (1979-80) enactment. It was determined that MISAA's impact was not uniformly felt across the various levels of student income: there was a greater impact upon middle-income students than upon low-income and upper-income students. This result was due primarily to the increased availability of Basic Educational Opportunity Grants: the percentage of recipients and the average awards increased. There was also a systematic tendency for middle-income and upper-income students to receive a greater number of awards from Guaranteed Student Loan and College Work Study programs after MISAA was introduced than in the prior year. A trend toward a reduction in the proportion of National Defense Student Loan recipients among low-income and middle-income students was observed. It is concluded that the federal assistance programs were able to reach a broader spectrum of students after enactment of MISAA while still maintaining the federal government's commitment to low-income students. The MISAA caused a change in the distributional pattern of awards as well as a change in the amount of aid to recipients. Information is presented on the research methodology, and sample survey instruments are included. (SW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Cohort Analysis, College Students, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Income, Longitudinal Studies, Lower Class, Middle Class Students, Program Administration, Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, Upper Class, Work Study Programs
U.S. Education Department, Office of Program Evaluation, Room B-110, Trans Point Building, Washington, DC 20202
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Program Evaluation (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Applied Management Sciences, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Basic Educational Opportunity Grants; Guaranteed Student Loan Program; Middle Income Student Assistance Act